SHIPPING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Shipping Hazardous Materials Information
DOT Standards: HAZMAT
The U. S. Department of Transportation (DOT) has specific rules for shipping hazardous materials. N-Motion Freight can help you figure out the DOT hazard class for your freight shipment and find freight carriers that meet all the DOT compliance and transportation requirements.
Hazardous materials are defined by the U. S. Department of Transportation in accordance with the Federal Hazardous Material Law regulations. A hazardous material classification is applied if a material, in a particular amount and form, poses an unreasonable risk to health, safety or property.
Below is the list of the different hazard classes.
Class 1: Explosives
- Division 1.1: Explosives with a mass explosion hazard
- Division 1.2: Explosives with a projection hazard
- Division 1.3: Explosives with predominantly a fire hazard
- Division 1.4: Explosives with no significant blast hazard
- Division 1.5: Very insensitive explosives
- Division 1.6: Extremely insensitive explosive articles
Class 2: Gases
- Division 2.1: Flammable gases
- Division 2.2: Non-flammable gases
- Division 2.3: Poison gases
- Division 2.4: Corrosive gases
Class 3: Flammable liquids
- Division 3.1: Flashpoint below -18°C(0°F)
- Division 3.2: Flashpoint below -18°C and above, but less than 23°C(73°F)
- Division 3.3: Flashpoint 23°C and up to 61°C(141°F)
Class 4: Flammable solids, spontaneously combustible materials, and materials that are dangerous when wet
- Division 4.1: Flammable solids
- Division 4.2: Spontaneously combustible materials
- Division 4.3: Materials that are dangerous when wet
Class 5: Oxidizers and organic peroxides
- Division 5.1: Oxidizers
- Division 5.2: Organic peroxides
Class 6: Poisons and etiologic materials
- Division 6.1: Poisonous materials
- Division 6.2: Etiologic(infectious) materials
Class 7: Radioactive material
- Any material, or combination of materials, that spontaneously gives off ionizing radiation. It has a specific activity greater than 0.002 microcuries per gram.
Class 8: Corrosives
- A material, liquid or solid, that causes visible destruction or irreversible alteration to human skin or a liquid that has a severe corrosion rate on steel or aluminum.
Class 9: Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
- A material that presents a hazard during transport, but which is not included in another hazardous freight classification.
Other regulated material (ORM-D)
- A material that, although otherwise subjected to regulations, presents a limited hazard during transportation due to its form, quantity and packaging.
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